Civil society : a cylindrical seal for Human Rights from Mesopotamia – d. Maadabd curtain


This seal cylindrical clay which inscription Palmsmaria, was found in Babylon, which is the king Cyrus, who ruled the Persian Empire between (559-530 BC), who took over the State Median and Asia Minor, Babylon and the families of the Babylonian King Nabu Nides last king of Babylon.
Cyrus said he was able to grab the Babylon with the help of the god Marduk, the God of the kingdom of Babylon,

And explain the privileges and benefits earned by citizens of his reign and Conditions beneficial applied by in Babylon, and in between this seal cylindrical clay How restored statues of gods seized by Nabu Nides and keep it in Babylon to temples original in Mesopotamia and western Iran, also describes his renewed temples and organization for the return of the prisoners who were being held in Babylon by the Babylonian kings, though it makes no mention of the Jews in this document, but the return to Palestine after their families and brought them to Babylon during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II was part of this policy developed by Cyrus. In other words, Cyrus develop a policy addressing the prisoners who were in Babylon and freed the prisoners who were in Babylon, including Jews.

This is the seal cylindrical oldest document of human rights forums in sealing a cylindrical clay, which is currently kept in the British Museum in London at the Department of Antiquities of Iran in Hall 52, the United Nations maintains a copy of this seal cylindrical as a symbol of the first to document human rights preserved the rights of prisoners and restored them to their liberty The restored statues and images of gods stolen to its people and its temples. Which constitutes a distinct gesture to the king exceeded the limits of his kingdom to Babylon, Persia and Palestine. It is worth mentioning that usually codification of laws issued by the Kings in Mesopotamia and Iran were common and were Adonunha on seals and obelisks and No. mud, and months, those codes painting without which the Emperor Dara and engraved in the strand orchard in the country clors – Faily Kurds – Eelam (LTTE), and without which the foot Mount Beeston Kurdish language and ancient Babylonian, and this painting is credited in deciphering cuneiform writing, as it helped identify the victories in three different languages ​​to compare them and to reach read cuneiform icons.
Sealing length 5.22 cm for Iraqi writer